Here is some information on humans in Antartica. Make sure your team knows who and what to expect when they arrive on the continent.
Not long after the first ship reached Antarctica its untapped waters were seen as an excellent source of fish and other desired marine life. Since several species were driven to near extinction rules have been created. The Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources now monitors fishing groups in the Antarctic area. Fishing boats are required to report their catches so the marine food web is protected. Many people still believe that there is overfishing in Antarctica. Finfish species and krill are most frequently fished. The Patagonian toothfish is also beginning to be caught in the Antarctic regions. Another major concern for fishing in the area is that unwanted marine life gets caught and killed in fishing nets.
There are 16 research sites located in Antarctica. They serve many purposes, such as astrophysics, biology, climate change, geology, the Greenhouse Effect, environment, medical research, marine life, terrestrial life, and weather studies.* Antarctica is a great place to do research because it has clean air, gets very dark (for looking at the stars, called astronomy), and it has no boarders so information can be shared between everyone.
Antarctic Connection http://www.antarcticconnection.com/antarctic/stations/index.shtml
*If you would like to find out what all these things are or would like to find out more information on research stations please click here.
In the year 2006 Antarctica had 37,000 visitors. Mainly people come on cruise ships since there are no hotels or resorts on the continent. The International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators makes sure there aren't too many ships traveling to Antarctica or too many people coming onto the continent.
In order to live in or visit Antarctica you must be able to stay warm! To prevent frostbite or hypothermia people must wear clothing that keeps the weather out. Clothes need to insulate the body (keep heat from getting out) and stop wind and water from getting in. They also need to let sweat out, so the clothes near the persons body do not become wet. A person also needs to move so they have to be flexible! There should be three layers of clothes a person wears in Antarctica: inner, insulating, and outer.
People in Antarctica need to eat the same as people everywhere else. A balanced diet helps the body make enough energy to stay warm and fight off sicknesses like colds and flus. To see the food pyramid click here. When eating outside be careful to bring food that won't freeze! No one wants to eat a frozen sandwhich!
Congratulations!!! You have completed your basic research. Your field guide should contain information pertainent to your teams journey. Should you wish to study further here are some suggestions of where to look: